Batik is both an art and a craft. It originated in Indonesia and the Far East. The word is used to denote a particular method of applying wax-resist dyed images to fabric. Selected areas of cloth are blocked out by brushing or drawing hot wax with a brush or tool called a "tjanting".
The fabric is then coloured by applying dye. The waxed areas which resist the dye remain the original colour. To achieve more elaborate and
colourful designs, the waxing and dyeing process is repeated.
When the final dye has been applied and allowed to dry, most of the wax is removed by ironing the batik between newsprint thus leaving the design on the fabric. Alternatively, the wax can be removed by boiling out
or by dry cleaning.
The fabric can be stretched over a frame or framed under glass. Batik can also be used to decorate scarves, T-Shirts or clothing.
Demonstrating Batik in Textile Tent at Art in Action, Waterperry House near Oxford UK